|Historic marker about Flint Ridge|
|Flint Ridge Flint showing its range of colors|
|Fossil organisms like this one form the silica gel that eventually forms the flint. |
This is a scanning electron microscope image.
Note measurement bar of 1 micron in the left corner.
Flint Ridge Flint, like many other different kinds of flint, needs to be heat treated or cooked to be easily knapped. Heat causes the molecules in the flint to expand and become more brittle—making it easier to flake. The Native Americans would heat the flint by burying it under their fire pits and build fires on top of the buried flint. While the fire burns the flint cooks, making it brittle and easier to knap. Today knappers also use fire pits. Modern knappers may also use kilns or turkey roasters that are more cost effective than a kiln. Both still do the same job but are faster and better controlled than a fire.
|Flint Ridge Corner Tang Knife. Knapped by James Shipley. |
James lives near Casper WY. He has been knapping for 15 years.
|Flint Ridge Point. Knapped by Ed Mosher. |
Ed lives in Monticello IN. he has been knapping for 23 years