Pikes Peak Pebble Pups

Pikes Peak Pebble Pups

Tuesday, September 14, 2010

October 2010 Lesson

Earth Resources
Everything we have and use is either grown or mined.  Even things that are grown use mineral resources from the earth in the form of fertilizers and pesticides (insect killers).  Lets take a closer look.

How is your electricity created?
  1. Coal
  2. Oil
  3. Gas
  4. Nuclear
  5. Renewables:
  6. Hydropower
    • Wind
    • Solar
    • Geothermal
Things made of coal, oil, and gas:
Billiard balls                  
Bowling balls              
Baking powder                          
Paint pigments
Tooth paste
Food preservatives
Laughing gas              

Minerals and metals needed to make a light bulb:
Bulb: glass is made from silica, trona (soda ash), lime, coal, and salt.
Filament: tungsten. Filament may be a straight wire, a coil, or a coiled coil.
Lead-in wires to filament: copper and nickel to carry current to and from filament.
Gas: mixture of agron and nitrogen inside the bulb used to retard burning of the filament
Base: made of brass (copper and zinc) or aluminum.

What is in a sidewalk?
  • Sand and gravel for concrete.
  • Cement, the other part of concrete is made from shale, clay, quartz, gypsum, iron, alumina, manganese, and limestone.

Minerals in typical computers:
Sulfur, hemmimorphite, zincite, smithsonite, franklenite, silver, pyragyrite, halite, bauxite,chalcopyrite, boronite, enargite, cuprite, malachite, azurite, chrysocolla, chalcocite, gold, othoclase, flourite, vesuvianite, lepidolite, dolomite, spinel, olivine, pyrope, biotite, talc, realgar, opriment, cobalite, tetrahedrite, monzanite, and others.

Plastic case, keyboard
Calcite, gypsum, apatite, aragonite, rutile, ilmenite, titanite, pyromorphite, and others.

Flat screen display monitors
Quartz, galena, cerussite, sulfur, hemminmoprhiite, zincite, smithsonite, silver, halite, bauxite, chalcopyrite, boronite, cuprite, malachite, azurite, gold, euxenite, pinel, olivine, biotite, talc, realgar, orpiment, asenopyrite, monzanite, and many others.

Printed circuit boards, computer chips
Quartz, chalcopyrite, boronite, enargite, cuprite, malachite, azuirite, chrsococolla, chalcocite, gold, silver, pyragyrite, cassiterite, bauxite, and others.

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Welcome! This is the gateway to adventure and discovery

Through this blog pebble pups and junior members of the Colorado Springs Mineralogical Society can access their lessons, work on assignments and projects, and receive details about field trips in the Pikes Peak Region. This Internet program is also suitable for young people who are interested in Earth science but do not live near a rock club or gem and mineral society or for young people anywhere who want a deeper dive into these topics. The only requirement is that all participants must be members of the Colorado Springs Mineralogical Society and must fill out the CSMS membership form (under important websites) and send their registration and membership fee in. Steven Veatch is the senior instructor and will need an email from you with your name, address, phone number, and permission from your parents to participate in this program.